This is the 13th in a series of articles which serializes my family history, which I wrote in November 2017, titled “From Samuel to Cyrus: A fresh look at the History of the Packard Family.” Minor corrections. Below is the 11th chapter of that history:
While the Packard family was gathering in Cameron, Missouri, Barnabas and Ruth’s son, William Henry, was still living in Massachusetts. William H. was born on October 1, 1822, in Plainfield, and became a farmer who settled in Windsor, a community not far from Plainfield and Cummington.  On May 20, 1847, at age 25, his life changed. On that day, he married a woman named Rachel Bartlett Tillson whose parents were Welcome Tillson (also spelled Tilson) and Leah Tower.  Welcome was the son of a Revolutionary War soldier named Ephrahim Tillson, Jr. and Fear Waterman, which could make him a “patriot” by DAR standards.
Three years later, in 1850, a 27-year-old William was living with his wife, Rachel, 25-years-old, and their son, Welcome Tilson Packard in Windsor, Berkshire, Massachusetts.  Windsor was (and still is) a small rural, farming, community, which behaves “like a large family” since it is a small town. The fact that Welcome is on the census, makes it clear that he was born in 1848, rather than Jun. 27, 1850 as RBM III states. The story goes that he married a person named “Lucy.” It turns out that this story is accurate. While his estate was probated in Massachusetts in about 1889, he lived the last years of his life in Canada. At age 32, in 1881, he was living in Rouville, Quebec. Married to Lucia, he was a Protestant bookkeeper.  By 1891, Lucia, then called Lucy, was a Congregationalist still living in Canada, but was a widow, in Shefford instead of Rouville, living with four other individuals, likely her children, some of whom were farmers.
The 1855 Massachusetts State Census expands the Packard family story, telling about those children of William H. and Rachel born between 1850 and 1855.  Still living in Windsor, William (age 30) led the household, with Rachel (age 34) by his side, and had four children living in the household: Welcome (age 7), Alice Cornelia (age 5), Cyrus Winfield (age 2), and William Luther (age 1). As in 1850, the Packards were living right next to the Mason family. Cyrus would marry a daughter of the same family in later years who was born about ten miles away in Cummington. Alice was born in July 1850. She would marry Charles Fuller sometime before 1881, possibly in 1880. She lived in Quebec, Brome, Canada from 1881 to 1921, at least, and was a Universalist, with her husband Charles as a farmer, like his son Chillis (age 16 year), and likely her son Sylvanus (born in March 1881). In 1891, the family were farmers, and she was not a Universalist but was still a Christian. In 1901, she was a widow (meaning Charles had died) living in Missisquoi, was Congregationalist, and living with her farmer son, Sylvanus. Her birth date was pegged as July 21, 1850.  By 1911, she would be a mother, widow, and still living under Sylvanus’s roof. By that point both were Methodists. In 1921, she was living in Sylvanus’s household, and is age 70.  Her life after that point is not known.
The other two children listed, Cyrus Winfield and William Luther are worth noting. Cyrus, who is one of the subjects of the next chapter was possibly, as Bob Mills says, “destined to out produce his father with 12 children, although it took three wives to do it!” Born in October 1852, Cyrus would live in Windsor when his father mortgaged 70 acres of land he owned (1866), likely including the same 30 acres he bought in November 1847 when he was still living in Plainfield.  Then there was William Luther Packard. Born on August 3, 1854, he would marry a woman named Lucy Olive Stetson in 1882.  He would have three children with Lucy: Minnie Rachel (1884-1960), Anna Emeline (1886-1982), and Clayton Luther (1901-1936). On September 24, 1881, his brother Cyrus, also called “Winfield Packard” for a certain part of his life, would purchase 112 acres from him. More about that transaction will be discussed in the next chapter.  Before William Luther’s death in 1941, and Lucy’s death in 1968, they would continue to live in Plainfield. In 1900, William would be a full-time farmer, with their children living with them, along with Lucy’s mother, Sarah.  In later years, he would hold the same occupation, living on West Main Street, and the children of William L. and Lucy would be living on the farm, moving to Greenfield, Massachusetts by 1930.
The 1860 U.S. Federal Census further reveals the life of William H., Rachel, and their children.  While some of the names are distorted, it is clear that William (age 39), a farmer, and Rachel (age 35) were part of an agricultural family. The farm in Windsor had a real estate of $1,500 while the personal estate is almost worth $700. Additionally, all of the Packard children except one-year-old Frank, attended school that year. Among these children were two which had been born between 1855 and 1860: Joseph A. (b. 1856), and Frank (b. 1859).  Joseph was reported by one family historian as marrying a woman named “Minnie” and emigrating to Canada as Alice did. A 25-year-old man named Joseph Packard is listed as living in Rouville, Quebec, the same area in which Welcome T. was living, with a Packard family, working as a farm hand and a Congregationalist.  The dates match up, so this is likely the same Joseph who was born in the United States, although it claims he was born in Nova Scotia, which would be a mistake by the census enumerator. He is not listed in the 1891 census.
In 1862, the family of William H. and Rachel would be drawn into the Civil War. Cyrus was age 7 when the war itself began so he did not fight in the war. However, the older Packards did participate. William’s brother, Roswell, a unmarried Massachusetts farmer, fought, enlisting on September 2, 1862.  Unlike William H., he enlisted in Company F of the Massachusetts 46th Infantry Regiment, became a corporal on June 9, 1863, and was mustered out on July 29 in Hampden Park, Springfield, Massachusetts. However, William H. had a different experience than Roswell.
On November 3, 1862, he enlisted in the Union Army at Camp Brigg in Pittsfield. He was 40 years old at the time, so Bob Mills may be right he did it to “escape the children or the farm.” He would serve as a private within Company I of the 49th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. As part of that unit, he would see action in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and he would be discharged honorably on September 1, 1863 after 10 months of service when his unit disbanded at Pittsfield.  But this short description does not do his unit justice. He served for 9-10 months in the 49th Regiment commanded first by Captain William Francis Bartlett. The unit, after moving from area to area, gained a “reputation for good discipline.” It left from Long Island to Louisiana on the Illinois steamer in January 1863, arriving in New Orleans by early February.  The National Park Service gives a nice overview. The unit was attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, of the 19th Army Corp. It engaged in reconnaissance on Port Hudson in March, and then fought in the siege of the same area in May through July, off and on. Beyond this, it fought at Plain’s Store and at Cox’s Plantation (“line of Bayou Lafourche”) during the summer.  In fighting at Port Hudson, it was assisting Farragut’s union fleet. During its time in service, 2 officers were killed, 28 men killed or mortally wounded, and 84 men killed by disease.  By August 9, after staying in the nearby area, it left New Orleans, going on the Templer steamer to Cairo, Illinois, and taking a train to Pittsfield, where it arrived on August 22. Once there, there was likely an “enthusiastic reception” (with Rachel and family likely in attendance) and it was “mustered out of the United States service” on September 1.
The battles the unit was engaged in were sometimes Union victories. This was the case in the siege of Port Hudson from May to July 1863, allowing the Mississippi River to be open to “Union navigation from its source to New Orleans” and the fight at Plains Store, which closed the last “Confederate escape route from Port Hudson,” with Confederates dragging away some of “their cannons by hand rather than abandon them to the Yankees.”  However there were some Confederate victories as well. One such victory was at Cox’s Plantation. Two Union divisions “marched up Bayou Lafourche” but as they advanced, “skirmishing occurred on July 11 and 12” and on the 13th, at Kock’s Plantation or Saint Emma Plantation, “they met Rebel skirmishers that forced them back.” After that, the Confederates, “flung their might against the Union troops” which eventually fell back “to the protection of the guns in Fort Butler at Donaldsonville,” and as a result, the Confederates were left “in control of the interior.”  In a broader context, the siege of Port Hudson was part of the offensive up the Mississippi River. Furthermore, with the fall of Vicksburg, and surrender of Port Hudson later that month, the Union was going “unvexed to the sea” as Lincoln put it, or as Confederate Ordinance Chief Josiah Gorgas wrote, “absolute ruin seems to be our portion.”  Simply put, the surrender gave the Union “control over the entire Mississippi River, cutting off important states such as Arkansas and Texas” as the National Archives notes. The siege, the longest in U.S. history, was a massive operation, with 30,000 Union troops under the command of General Nathaniel Banks surrounding the Mississippi town and Confederate stronghold. It was in “cooperation with General U.S. Grants attack on Vicksburg, Mississippi” and was notable since it was “the first time African-American troops were used in combat” coalescing in the Corps D’Afrique, a regiment which “had been raised and supplied on orders from General Banks.”  600 Black soldiers died in the fierce battle, fighting the Confederates.
This victory was one of the most significant days of the war, and 41-year-old William H. was part of the reason, along with his valiant unit. The battle changed the tide of war to favor the Union, which would emerge victorious after a little less than two more bloody years. For this, descendants of the Packard family should be undeniably proud, especially since other descendants fought for the Union as well. William had eagerly answered the call to serve as a private, going from the “free” north to fight in the slaveowning South, even passing through enemy territory on the steamer to New Orleans, after the Union was advancing more into the South.  He possibly enlisted not only out of feelings of patriotism but to prove his “manliness.” The war, ended by higher morale and power by the Union, rather than the supplies which were manufactured by the North, ended “their curse, slavery” of Blacks, as Quartermaster Henry T. Johns of the same 49th regiment, which he called a “historic name worthy of the old Commonwealth” which was comprised of a “large number of farmers and farmer’s boys.” Slavery was made a “putrid corpse” (as said by Henry T. Johns) except in the case of punishment for crimes as codified in the 13th Amendment.
William H., one of the 17 individuals who enlisted in Windsor, with pay of only $13 a month, had a number of fellow soldiers that he got to know very well. One of these was Corporal C.J. Ingell. While he was a lowly solder, William was mentioned in Ingell’s diary in 1863 because he shared a tent with this higher ranking officer, along with two other individuals: Corporal Milo Spring and Private Ira Higgins in March 22.  13 days later on April 4, he carried William (and Higgins)’s backpacks, which he deposited in their shared tent. It would not be until July 30 that he would allude to Packard, saying that private Lewis Crosier ate “supper with us,” with us referring to Milo Spring, William, and himself.  In his final entry mentioning Packard, on August 2, he says that he washed his clothes in the nearby river along with William. Such camaraderie would not happen again in William H.’s life other than among his immediate family.
Two years after arriving in Pittsfield and going to his home in Windsor, William H. was back on the farm. Falsely labeled on the census, he was a farmer and legal voter, living with his wife Rachel and eight children: Welcome (age 17), Cornelia (age 14), Cyrus (age 12), William L. (age 10), Joseph (age nine), Frank (age six), Fred (age four), and Mary (age two). Little is known about Mary other than that she was born on August 2, 1862, before William went off to Louisiana to fight as part of the 49th Regiment. This birth date is possible since the common length of a pregnancy is 38-41 weeks (266-287 days), based on recent studies, meaning that Rachel’s pregnancy began in 1861, before William engaged in his military service.  Mary would die on July 27, 1887 at 24 years, 11 months, nine days old. Nothing else can be determined other than a two-year-old named James Otis was living with them.
The 1870 U.S. Federal Census is much clearer. It shows William H. (age 48) as a farmer and legal citizen, along with his son Welcome (age 22) while Rachel (age 45) and Alice (age 20) “keep house,” meaning that they maintain the home and manage the household. Adding to this, the farm itself had a worth of $5,000 with a personal estate of $1,400.  William L. (age 16), Joseph (age 14), and Frank (age 12), also worked on the farm as farm hands, with the latter two also attending school. Freddie (age 10) and Mary (age 8) both attended school and were not farm hands. The absence of Cyrus cannot be fully explained. Henry, age 4, listed last, stayed “at home.” Henry, whose full name was Henry Clark Packard, was born on April 28, 1866, and would die in 1924. He would become a deacon and manager of a West Cummington church, be a member of Plainfield Grange (an organization that assisted farmers), and serve as a selectman. He married Bertha Bell Gurney on December 14, 1890, who would die on August 1, 1960, having four children with her: William Albert (1894-1983), Muriel (1900-1960), Margery, and William Henry, birth dates unknown for the last two.  Bertha was born to Albert N. Gurney and Sarah O. Dunham in Plainfield on February 3, 1870. She was an only child, with her mother maintaining the household and her father a farmer, living close to another Packard family. 
This would seem to put her at the same class level as Henry. However, the way she looks in a photograph cataloged by the Plainfield Historical Society makes her seem very proper.  Nothing else about her clothing or family, in terms of their economic status, is known. But, if her clothes are any indication, her family was not made up of mere farmers. The 1880 census is as informative as the 1870 one for the Packard family.  It is the last one that lists Rachel B. Tillson, and shows them now living in Plainfield, ten miles away from Windsor. While William H. (age 57) was still a farmer, his wife Rachel (age 55) has a “Keeping House” occupation, meaning that she is maintaining the house, William L. (age 25, incorrectly called “Luther W.”) is a farmer, Mary (age 17) has no occupation, Fred (age 20) is a farmer, and Henry (age 14) is at school. On January 30, 1881, Rachel would die in Plainfield and have a probate.  After her death, he re-married to a woman named Mary Ann (Dyer) Brackett on October, 26, 1887.
She was the daughter of Bela Dyer (whose parents wee Jesse Dyer of Ashfield and Sarah Pool) and Deborah White, and had one previous marriage: to Jonathan Brackett in Feb. 29, 1850, living in Scarburg, Vermont “for some years” with Jonathan running a tannery until his death on Feb. 2, 1884. While no children were reported from this marriage, there is a photograph of a harsh-looking woman.  In the last years of his life, in Plainfield, William H. would discharge his land in Berkshire County (October 1890) and would die in 1896 with a probate. Nothing else about his life or that of Mary Ann Dyer is known.
 Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988; Gravestone of William Henry Packard on Find A Grave.
 Jordan Dodd and Liahona Research, Massachusetts, Marriages, 1633-1850, Ancestry.com, 2005; Ancestry.com, Massachusetts, Marriage Records, 1840-1915, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013; Ancestry.com, The Tilson genealogy: from Edmond Tilson at Plymouth, N E, 1638 to 1911, North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000, Ancestry.com, 2016; gravestone of Welcome Tilson; gravestone of Leah Tower; gravestone of Ephrahim Tillson, Jr.; gravestone of Fear Waterman; William W. Streeter and Daphne H. Morris, The Vital Records of Cummington, Massachusetts 1762-1900 (Cummington, MA: William W. Streeter, 1979), 141. The Tillson family was originally from England, like the Packards as noted in Mercer V. Tilson, The Tilson genealogy (Plymouth: The Memorial Press, 1908), 368.
 Welleome T. PACHERD, 1881 Census, Rouville, Quebec, District 63, Sub District St. Paul-d’Abbotsford, Sub District I, Division 2, Page 2, Microfilm C-13203, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 5616267, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada; Lucia PACHERD, 1881 Census, Rouville, Quebec, District 63, Sub District St. Paul-d’Abbotsford, Sub District I, Division 2, Page 2, Microfilm C-13203, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 5616268, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada; Lucy Packard, 1891 Census, Shefford, Quebec, District 187, Sub District Granby, Sub District C, Division 2, Page 16-17, Microfilm T-6421, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 4561954, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada. Also see the memorial page for Lucia/Lucy Packard on Find A Grave.
 “Massachusetts State Census, 1855,” database with images, FamilySearch, Wm H Packard, Windsor, Berkshire, Massachusetts, United States; State Archives, Boston; FHL microfilm 953,974. It is also reprinted here.
 Alice Fuller, 1881 Census, Brome, Quebec, District 60, Sub District Farnham East, Sub District F, Page 4, Microfilm C-13202, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 5559154, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada; Alice P. Fuller, 1891 Census, Brome, Quebec, District 143, Sub District Farnham East, Sub District D, Division 2, Page 20, Microfilm T-6388, RG31 -Statistics Canada, Item 3391952, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada. In 1891 there was a person age 66 named “N L” living in their household. Two other individuals, one of whom had the last name of Fuller was living with them. The first one claims she was born in Nova Scotia, but this is an error as the next one notes that she was born in the US. Allice C. Fuller, 1901 Census, Missisquoi, Quebec, District 170, Sub District Dunham, Sub District C, Division 3, Page 12, Microfilm T-6531, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 5956822, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada. It would also say her ethnic origin was Scotch. It would also reveal she emigrated to Canada in 1877, three years earlier than previously established. Also see her memorial page on Find A Grave.
 Alice C. Fuller, 1911 Census, Brome, Quebec, District 149, Sub District Brome Township, West Brome Village, Sub District 6, Page 11, Microfilm T-20417, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 8389884, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada; 1921 Census of Canada, Brome (Township), West Brome (Village), Brome, Quebec, Sixth Census of Canada, RG 31. Folder 108, Page 2, Library and Archives Canada, 2013, Series RG31, Statistics Canada Fonds. Courtesy of Ancestry.com. Sylvanne is married to Mary (age 40) and has two children: Sylvanne (age 5) and Elizabeth (age 4), both with the last name of Fuller. This census notes she was born in Massachusetts in July 1860, but they are off by 10 years.
 Gravestone of Cyrus Packard; Mortgage by Marcia L. Clark of East Hampton from William Henry Packard of Windsor, Apr. 30, 1866, Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986, Berkshire, Deeds 1866-1867 vol 107-109, p. 309, image 195 of 328, courtesy of Family Search; Land Purchase of William H. Packard of Plainfield, Nov. 10, 1847, Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986, Berkshire, Deeds 1848-1851 vol 67-68, p. 434, image 520 of 614, courtesy of Family Search. This means he was well settled in Windsor by the time of 1855. As it turns out he was near the land of Ariel Ayres, the family which his sister Cornelia married into as noted in the last chapter.
 Gravestones of Lucy O. Packard, William Luther Packard, Minnie, Anna, and Clayton. Clayton would marry Clarissa Merrill Truesdell LaClaire (1908 – 2009). Lucy would die in 1968. The 1900 census says they were married in 1882. The Packard family file, at the Cummington Historical Museum notes that Lucy Stetson of Greenfield spent “many years” in Plainfield, living by a Plainfield pond. This confirms other information we know about her.
 Agreement between William L. Packard and Winfield Packard, Sept. 24, 1881, unindexed documents, book 367, page 475 via http://www.masslandrecords.com/Hampshire/, click on “unindexed property search.” Clark Packard (b. 1808), child of Philander and “Polly” Hill, is referenced in this transaction as well.
 1900 U.S. Federal Census, Plainfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, Twelfth Census, Enumeration District 644, Bureau of the Census, National Archives, NARA T623, Roll 654, Page 1B, courtesy of Ancestry.com; 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Plainfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, Thirteenth Census, Enumeration District 712, Bureau of the Census, National Archives, NARA T624, Roll 594, Page 1A, courtesy of Ancestry.com; 1930 U.S. Federal Census, Greenfield, Franklin, Massachusetts, Fifteenth Census, Enumeration District 12, Bureau of the Census, National Archives, NARA T626, Roll 904, Page 7B; 1940 U.S. Federal Census, Greenfield, Franklin, Massachusetts, Sixteenth Census, Enumeration District 6- 21, Bureau of the Census, National Archives, NARA T627, Roll 1591, Page 5B.
 “United States Census, 1860“, database with images, FamilySearch , Wm H Packard, 1860.
 Fred is in the 1880 census, while Massachusetts, Death Records, 1841-1915 and Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 say he died in 1884. Some note two other children: Benjamin Franklin Packard (born Sept. 9, 1858) who married Julia E. Beals, and Fred R. born in 1860. Likely “Frank” is the same as Benjamin Franklin Packard, whereas Fred may have not been born yet. Memorial pages for Joseph Alden Packard and Benjamin Franklin “Frank” Packard.
 Joseph Packard, 1881 Census, Rouville, Quebec, District 60, Sub District Farnham East, Sub District F, Page 49, Microfilm C-13202, RG31 – Statistics Canada, Item 5560282, courtesy of Library and Archives Canada.
 Historical Data Systems, U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865, Ancestry.com, 2009; National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registration Records (Provost Marshal General’s Bureau; Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865); Record Group: 110, Records of the Provost Marshal; courtesy of Ancestry.com. Nahum, Osamus, Harrison E.,& Charles E. Packard also fought in the war.
 His military records confirms this paragraph. It also shows that he was 40 years old and a farmer when he enlisted, with no other info. provided. The NPS database also confirms this while showing a John K. Packard who enlisted in another Massachusetts Company. He is likely not related.
 It was transferred to Baton Rouge. Later, in May, it remained at Baton Rouge for two months as it suffered for sickness. It arrived in New Orleans by early February, where it stayed until mid-February. Unit history reprinted here and here.
 It stayed in Donaldsonville until Aug. 1st then it went back to Baton Rouge, receiving prisoners lost during the fight at Bayou Lafourche against Confederate forces.
 NPS, “Union Massachusetts Volunteers 49th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry (Militia),” accessed Aug. 15, 2017
 NPS, Battle of Cox’s Plantation, accessed Aug. 15, 2017.
 Neil Kagan and Stephen Hyslop, Eyewitness to the Civil War: The Complete History from Secession to Reconstruction (Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2006), 190, 211; New York Times, “THE SIEGE OF PORT HUDSON.; Casualties in the One Hundred and Thirtythird Regiment N.Y.V.,” Aug. 8, 1863; National Archives, “Nathaniel Pretence Banks,” Aug 15, 2016; Philip Faller, “Siege of Port Hudson.”
 “The Battle of Port Hudson: A More Detailed Account,” part of the Battle of Port Hudson, accessed July 14, 2017; National Park Service, “Port Hudson,” accessed on July 14, 2017; Louisiana Department of Culture Recreation and Tourism, “Port Hudson Historic Site,” 2017. During the battle, since he was part of the 19th Corps, William was one of the soldiers that fought on Northeast front of the siege under General Banks, which can be concurred from this map and this map. There is a photo of the officers of the regiment but not the soldiers. The fierce battle, with the Confederates, who had eighty foot bluffs around Port Hudson, gun emplacements, and much more, is also shown in this painting. As one Union officer, Captain John William DeFrost, recounted, “after the assault came twenty-four days more of sharp-shooting. We grew weak and nervous under the influences of summer heat, confinement, bad food, and constant exposure to danger. Men who had done well enough in battle broke down under the monotonous worry, and went to the rear invalided. From rain, perspiration, sleeping on the ground, and lack of water for washing, our clothing became stiffened and caked with inground mud. Lice appeared, increased, swarmed, infesting the entire gully, dropping upon us from the dry leaves of our bough-built shanties, and making life a disgrace as well as a nuisance.”
 Kagan and Hyslop, pp 19, 66, 74, 94, 99-100, 128-129; Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States 1492 –Present (New York: HarperCollins, 2005, Fifth Edition), pp 190-198, 237-240; Henry T. Johns, Life with the Forty-Ninth Massachusetts Volunteers (Pittsfield, MA: Published for the Author, 1864), pp 7, 10-11, 14-15, 21, 25, 27, 34, 37, 39, 49, 53, 57, 61, 66-67, 73, 78, 85, 96-97, 105-106, 123, 134, 140, 152-153, 159-160, 164, 170, 172, 175, 177, 192, 206-210, 214, 220, 228, 241, 254, 259, 271, 275, 286-287, 293, 302-303, 322, 335-337, 339-341, 347-348, 354, 356-359, 361, 364, 368, 375, 377, 380, 382, 390. On Page 390 of this first-hand and flowery account of the regiment, William is listed on roll of Company I (“Packard, W.H.”) in September 1863 when it mustered out of service.
 Unknown List, Lists of Soldiers, C.J. Ingell Civil War Diaries, accessed July 14, 2017; “The following are people that are mentioned in Cheney Jackson Ingell’s Civil War Diaries,” C.J. Ingell Civil War Diaries, accessed July 14, 2017; March 22 entry, March ‘63, C.J. Ingell Civil War Diaries, accessed July 14, 2017; April 4 entry, April ‘63, C.J. Ingell Civil War Diaries, accessed July 14, 2017. Throughout his entries he calls William by “Packard” rather than his first name.
 Gravestones of Bertha Bell Gurney, William Albert Packard, and Muriel Packard; Birth of Bertha Bell Gurney, Feb. 3, 1870, Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915, p. 10; Household of the Gurneys, US Census of 1900, Plainfield, Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts, enumeration district 644, National Archives, NARA T623; Marriage of Bertha B. Gurney and Henry Clark Packard, Dec. 14, 1890, Massachusetts Marriages, 1695-1910; William W. Streeter and Daphne H. Morris, The Vital Records of Cummington, Massachusetts 1762-1900 (Cummington, MA: William W. Streeter, 1979), 140. Bertha was the daughter of Albert N. Gurney and Sarah Dunham.
 Gurney Household, US Census of 1870, Plainfield, Massachusetts, National Archives, NARA M593, p. 10. Albert had grown up as an adopted child of the Joy family as the 1850, 1855, and 1865 censuses attest.
 Bertha Bell Gurney was wife of Henry Clark Packard as noted in this chapter and by the historical society. The original caption was “Bertha Gurney Packard – mother of William A.” William A. or William Albert was born in 1894.
 Packard Household, Plainfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, United States Census of 1880, enumeration district 334, sheet 155B, National Archives, NARA T9, roll 537. “Charles Packard” who is mentioned as a child of William H. and Rachel would be listed, is not, making me think that this person was added due to an error by Packard family genealogists. Perhaps William H. was preparing for this by buying 167 acres in Cummington from a Lozina G. Packard in 1874. It is possible this land was the family farm.
 William W. Streeter and Daphne H. Morris, The Vital Records of Cummington, Massachusetts 1762-1900 (Cummington, MA: William W. Streeter, 1979), 216
 This is courtesy of DGVallender on Ancestry. This image does not have a backing like ones noted by this genealogist, but it does show who she is as a person. See p. 140 and 142 of Dyer’s History of the town of Plainfield, Hampshire County, Mass., from its settlement to 1891 (Northampton, MA: Press of Gazette Printing, 1891); Discharging land, October 1890, Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986, Berkshire, Deeds vol 151-153, p. 72, image 584 of 838.
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